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How Do You Know When To Split A Hive

hi welcome to the low tech Institute's

informal video number two about

splitting a hive so I've got one hive

with a queen and one hive with queen

cells in the backyard and basically my

goal for the day is making them into

five different hives each with its own

colony or his potential colony of bees

so I'm smoking them to keep them calm

and suppress the smell of the alarm

pheromone and also people say they eat a

whole bunch of honey so they can't sting

you okay so I'm taking the top board off

and the top box and these are called

deeps these boxes because there's a deep

it's full of honey and so I'm gonna take

a couple of frames of honey and put them

into these smaller hives called nukes on

the side and I'm gonna give each nuke

now you can see one here and there's two

more on the ground behind me out of

frame I'm gonna give each one of these

frames so I'm gonna give each one of

these nukes two different frames of

honey so that the nascent colonies in

there are gonna have plenty to eat

I'm gonna jump the hedge here

get this see if take some of the B's

with it

and this nuke has a small entrance and

it's a small hive it only takes five

frames whereas each of these big hives

right now have 20 frames that's okay

because they're gonna be getting a new

queen and they're gonna need to build up

so now I'm taking out the frame of honey

I'm gonna pop that right in there and

I'll do the same thing for the two newts

that are behind me out of frame so each

one has two frames with honey then once

this top box is mostly empty I take it

off and put it on the lid that I've set

over here on the hive stand now you can

see that cluster of bees in the middle

of the box they're actually protecting

all debris they're keeping it warm and

so what I want to do is go in here and

pull out the frames of brood because

they've made Queen cells see that

there's a little bit of a mark I'm

pointing out that's a queen cell that's

gonna become a queen bee in another two

weeks basically when this hive was made

queenless they made one of the worker

bees into a queen bee by feeding her

royal jelly really there's no difference

between a queen bee and a regular B

except for how they're raised it's just

that they're

extra royal jelly and here I'm pinching

off a small queen cell because I only

want the biggest best looking for main

cells nuke I don't want any wimpy small

Queens so I put that in there and that's

got the Queen cell and a whole bunch of

brood on it basically bees that are

gonna catch the next 21 days I'm going

to take out this frame which has brood

on it and I'm going to perform a little

surgery I'm going to cut out a two inch

by two inch piece of the comb because

the next frame I pull out after this

here I go I'm gonna shake all the bees

off here so that I can do this anywhere

in surgery we're not big fans of that

but it's a good way to get the clear

anyway the next frame I pull out is

gonna have four Queen cells on it and if

I were to put that into a nuke and might

get a swarm where one of the Queen flies

away with half of the hive and so I just

want to leave one or two Queen cells so

that the first Queen emerges goes and

kills the other Queen and then becomes

the single Queen in the hive so as you

can see when I pull this one out there's

four clean cells

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two inch by two inch square

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into the two-by-two thought that I made

in the other frame about this is very

delicate working this is unusual this

isn't like a normal everyday type of

beekeeping thing and this is the first

time I've ever done this sort of cut out

the attached but this plague I'm gonna

get three nukes each with clean cells in

it rather than only two which would be

only possible if I didn't take them off

this frame to go to brain cells there

see I put them gently into this other

frame of food and use the soft wax to

mesh it in

it's kind of surgical I use the linoleum

knife that I sharpened up the really

sharp and it cut right through the comb

whoa easy I avoided there's metal bands

in the comb to help keep it straight I

avoided those and then I put the extra

comb that I had cut out of the first one

back where those clean cells had been

just to plug up that hole and now each

one of these frames is gonna go into a

different nuke so that each one of the

nukes has Queen cells and can very soon

raise its own queen and become a happy

fully functioning colony this is one way

that you can make more colonies out of a

single colony I started the year with

one colony and now by the end of the day

I'm gonna have five column users and as

long as all at the Queen's hatch I'll be

set so now what I need to do is get a

little more brood and this double colony

here or this double deep hive this one

has the Queen in it so I'm gonna have to

pull out some of the honey out of the

top and then I'm gonna pull the box

right off the top box right off which is

mostly honey anyway I'm gonna pull that

off and turn to the side because I want

to find more brood because you'll notice

the nuke only has three frames at this

point I need to put two more frames of

brood and because this one has a clean

it has a whole bunch more brood but

first I have to find the Queen and I got

really lucky on the first frame this one

here that I pulled out I found the Queen

you know I don't find the clean every

time I go in the pipe it's really as

long as I see really young larvae I can

pretty much assume that the Queen is

there in this case so I have to find the

Queen's I'm gonna pull her out of this

hive and I'm gonna put it in the box

next to it next to this one so that the

now queenless hive has to raise new

Queens there I'm pointing to the Queen

and since I found her I'm gonna pop her

right in this box and now they have a

queen the other box doesn't that's gonna

force them to raise an emergency Queen

and in a couple of days I'll go back in

and I'll find those big pendulous people

looking Queen cells I hope in the hot in

the now queenless hi they're gonna raise

their own queen and that it's a way that

I can split and make more hearts

basically and removing the Queen forcing

them to make a new queen and so here I'm

checking the brood and that's going to

go into this nuke eventually I'll have

three friends of brood and two frames of

honey if I were putting a queen in there

today I'll be talking about cream bottom

boards and why every beehive should have

one basically I started beekeeping under

the supervision of my dad he has been

doing beekeeping for over 30 years he

will be guiding me and helping me you

know for the next couple years to make

sure I'm doing it right so I'll tell you

why me and my dad love these green

bottom boards so much what it is is

basically a bottom that goes underneath

your hive and some beekeepers may not

know this but these naturally shake up

for over mice and if you have a screen

bottom board some sources online say

that you up to 25% of over mites will

naturally fall through these screen

bottom boards so this thing just comes

out after they fall through this screen

you and I'll show you in just a second

exactly everything that falls through

the screen so and then afterwards you

can take this out and you know get rid

of everything that falls on it we

actually put a coconut oil on our screen

bottom boards so that not just for raw

mites whatever falls through the screen

will basically die like beetles we will

get beetles all the time falling through

the screen and they could cause a lot of

issues in the hive and then when they

fall they get stuck in the wall and they

die that way they don't crawl back in

because beetles will do that another

cool thing about these screen bottom

boards is when all that stuff falls

through the screen bees don't have to

work as hard in the Beehive

you'll be surprised on how much time be

spent on cleaning the hive getting rid

of all the crap in the hub which can

take a lot of time so this will

definitely make it easier for them this

way they don't have to clean as much and

they can focus the energy on other stuff

that's more

you know for survival in the hive so as

you can see this hive we treated with

thyme oil just a little bit and this is

about three days after we treated with

thyme oil and we have spread coconut oil

all over this screen bottom board so

what happened so as you can see weak you

as you can see there's tons of fur over

mites falling through the screen and but

also you could see beetles and you know

worms this is probably beetle larva

falling through the screen and then tons

of other crafts i mean imagine how much

less work the bees have to do now now

that they don't have to take all of this

stuff out of the hive they can focus

that energy on bringing honey or

nourishing brood and you know possibly

more important tasks and the bee hive so

we really love the screen bottom boards

for this reason not only this is not

only a great addition to you know

battling over mites naturally but also

it makes it makes a hive much healthier

we'll be posting other strategies on how

to battle for the light naturally we

don't use just to let everyone know even

though we're posting different

strategies we you the way we approach

for over mice it's not with one thing

it's actually several different things

which works in combination very well and

then so that we don't have to use

chemicals and that my dad is a bit old

school and a lot of his teachings are

routed back to Russia so you might be a

little different than what you expect

from most beekeepers online he's ok with

that because this is how he done it has

worked for him for a very long time he

really believes in it and he has that's

the reason why he teaches what he does

this is exactly how he does it and he

loves the whole process of beekeeping

really believe style you really believe

in the style so the reason why we oppose

so much more naturally and chemical-free

it's because if you look into it there

are some very harsh chemicals used on

the bees to treat varroa mites and that

will harm the bees especially the weaker

colonies and that's one reason why and

then the other reason and the other side

to this is that I could if you have a

lot of highs treating it with chemical

you can very much so add up and

beekeeping in general can add up very

quick and our channel is more about

beekeeping on a budget and a lot of

times people spend way too much money on

bee hives when they don't have to we can

have a couple videos on how we have our

bee hive set up and we do everything

very our way it's super practical and

very affordable and we try to keep it on

the budget throughout the whole year

it's so easy to end up spending a lot of

money on beekeeping but well me and my

dad are trying to say is that you don't

have to there's different ways around it

and we focus a lot on those ways

especially my dad coming from where he

came from he he found different ways to

work around it and that has helped him

be very profitable and his beekeeping

journey otherwise it may it's not worth

it for some people and some even give up

on it because it's too expensive our

strategies are actually very

and they may just a couple minutes I

mean you have to look into your hive to

check on the Queen and the hive anyway

just in King creating those you know

strategy in there could really help but

you know mice and basically that's all

we do we just use you know physical

methods or just natural medicine so that

we don't harm the bees doesn't have to

be complicated