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Oak Tree Trimming Guide

hello I'm RJ Laverne with the Davy tree

expert company and today we're going to

be talking about properly pruning this

oak tree

now pruning an oak tree is not really

much different than pruning a maple tree

or a birch tree or most other trees that

have leaves but there's a few simple

rules to follow that will give us the

proper pruning cut and allow this tree

to live happily ever after but before we

get into putting saws to wood let's talk

a little bit about safety today since

I'm going to be working underneath the

canopy of a tree I'm going to wear my

hard hat that's in case anything drops

off I won't get clocked on the noggin

and I'll be able to work safely next I'm

going to wear my safety glasses this is

very important especially when you're

using the saw chips of wood fly out

pieces of bark will fly at you and

wearing good safety glasses will protect

your eyes and next you'll notice that

I'm working today with a good sturdy

pair of leather gloves I'm going to be

using a handsaw today and it's quite

sharp we need it to be sharp in order to

make the proper cuts but one accidental

pull across my skin could turn an

otherwise productive day into an

unfortunate trip to the emergency room

so whenever you're making good cuts make

sure that you're wearing the proper

protective equipment you'll also notice

that I am not using a chainsaw

today the branch that I'm removing is

only about an inch and 3/4 thick there's

no need for power tools today and even

if this were a larger branch I certainly

would not use a chainsaw to cut over my

shoulders so all of the cuts today we're

going to use a handsaw if you encounter

on your oak tree a larger branch that

needs to be removed or a branch the tire

up in the tree crown make sure that you

call a qualified professional arborist

and they'll safely do the pruning for

you there's a couple of features that

we're going to look for on this tree

that will help us decide

where we want to make the pruning cut on

the top of this branch and this is the

branch that we'll be removing on the top

of this branch is a saddle of bark and

you can see it from either side of the

branch attachment and that's called the

branch bark Ridge that is the area where

the bark from the trunk and the bark

from the branch meet and the bark layers

are being pushed up and outside of that

branch Union we're going to use that to

help us locate the cut you'll also

notice that at the base of this branch

there's a swollen area that's the area

where the wood tissue from the trunk

overlaps with the wood tissue from the

branch now we don't want to cut into the

wood tissue from the trunk because it's

going to be that wood tissue that grows

new wood and covers up the pruning wound

that we're about to make

so our pruning cut will want to be not

flush with the trunk but rather at the

base of the branch and outside of this

swollen area that's the branch collar

and that's the line that we'll use to

make our pruning cut now I could take my

pruning saw and just start to cut in

that area and make one cut but chances

are the weight of the foliage on this

limb would tear the bark off when I got

about 3/4 of the way through my cut and

that would leave damage to the trunk

that's unnecessary so instead of doing

that we're going to use a 3 cut system

that will first relieve the weight from

the branch and then we'll take off the

remaining branch stub without doing

excessive damage to the trunk first I

will make a cut on the underside of the

branch about a quarter of the distance

through that's going to relieve the

compression tension on the bottom of

this branch next I'll make a cut from

the top side of the branch and that will

remove the hanging branch and remove the

weight

okay find the branch bark Ridge and make

sure my final cut is outside of those

two features so let's go ahead and make

that cut now and as I get to the bottom

I'm going to work my way slowly and make

sure that I've got the perfect clean cut

and there we go

as you can see it's a nice clean cut

outside of the branch collar and in two

or three years that wound will be closed

over by the new wood tissue formed by

the trunk

that's about as difficult as it gets to

pruning this oak tree don't forget where

the proper protective equipment use the

three step approach to making your final

cut and work safe every time thanks for

joining us today we'll see you next time

you