History, Production, Climate & Varieties of Pomegranate

pomegranate originates from Iran Oh

Pasha region this crop has a history of

some 5000 years there

the taxonomical name of pomegranate is

punica granatum it is regarded as fruit

of paradise

due to its attractive errors refreshing

juice and fruit skin rich in medicinal

properties it adapts very well to very

low fertility soils and comes up well in

dry lands pomegranate stands at the 18th

place in world fruit consumption in

India too pomegranate is not such a

favorite fruit like banana mango etc

even then the cultivation and trade of

this fruit is on a large scale

pomegranate is a popular fruit in

European countries it is mostly consumed

as fresh aerials

on a small scale it is used with juice

sit up

jelly processed air Elle's wine etc

pomegranate fruit skin and rules are

extensively used in Ayurvedic and etno


pomegranate export earns a handsome

foreign exchange for our country India

stands first and Iran in second position

in pomegranate production it is a vice

versa in export trade China Afghanistan

Turkey Spain Israel and USA are the

other major producers of pomegranate in

India it is cultivated in one lakh

13,000 hectare area with around seven

lakh 50,000 metric tonnes of production

this is almost 50% of the world's

production in India Maharashtra stands

first in Karnataka in second position in

pomegranate cultivation other major

states producing pomegranate are

Rajasthan Gujarat Madhya Pradesh Andhra

Pradesh and Tamil Nadu almost 50 percent

of India's production comes from

Maharashtra alone Bela Gavi Vijay opera

Vogel koti Coppola Volare and

Chitradurga are the major districts of

Karnataka producing pomegranate this

crop has spread to tomb core color and

Bengaluru rural districts in Greece


basically pomegranate is a crop of arid

zone it is very successful in dry lands

of tropics and subtropics however we

have some examples of commercial

cultivation of pomegranate evident cool

hilly places like kulu-manali

well-drained deep sandy soil with medium

fertility is good for pomegranate deep

clear soil with poor drainage is not

advisable pomegranate cultivation is

possible even in shallow rocky soil with

poor fertility pH range of 6 to 8 is

good however pomegranate tolerates

acidic and saline soils altitude more

than 1,800 meters from sea level is not

suitable pomegranate is comfortable with

a rainfall of 500 to 750 mm commercial

cultivation is not possible in heavy

rainfall areas with high relative

humidity your pest and disease

infestation will be more reducing yield

and fruit quality

mocchi land is not suitable for

pomegranate root rot fungi wilt and

nematodes kill the plant in water lock

soil dry weather is most important at

the time of fruit ripening pomegranate

is a Sun loving plant however there are

success stories in old coconut gardens

with pomegranate as an inter crop

excellent commercial varieties of

pomegranate are released in India after

selection and hybridization of various

varieties from across the globe color of

the fruit and the errors size of the

fruit yield shelf-life sweetness of the

Jews softness of the seeds etc are the

criteria for variety selection however

we do not have any commercial variety

resistant against bacterial blight and

fungal wilt diseases Ganesh

Jyoti ba gua okay sir

Ruby errata and mrudula are the popular

varieties of pomegranate available in

India all these varieties are

technically soft seated and seedless in

common language we find only bagua

variety in most of the plantations

across India it is called kisser in some

regions shiny Safran red colored skin

and deep red colored err ELLs are very

attractive sweetness or TSS and the

shelf life is excellent medium-sized

fruits of bagua variety ripens a bit

late at 170 days stage yield is also


this variety fruit has become very

popular in the European markets edges on

the raw fruit disappears and the fruit

becomes rounded at ripening

thick-skinned weed size and the shelf

life makes it suitable for exports

hence most of the farmers of India grow

only bug poverty