child abandonment is the practice of

relinquishing interests and claims over

one's offspring in an extra legal way

with the intent of never again resuming

or reasserting them causes include many

social and cultural factors as well as

mental illness an abandoned child is

called a foundling as opposed to a

runaway or an orphan baby dumping refers

to parents abandoning or discarding a

child younger than 12 months in a public

or private place with the intent of

disposing of them it is also known as

rehoming poverty is often a root cause

of child abandonment people in cultures

with poor social welfare systems who are

not financially capable of taking care

of a child are more likely to abandon

them political conditions such as

difficulty in adoption proceedings may

also contribute to child abandonment as

can the lack of institutions such as

orphanages to take in children whom

their parents cannot support another

common reason for baby dumping is

teenage pregnancies pregnant teenagers

experienced problems during and after

childbirth due to social and

psychological distress regardless of age

parents may abandon a child because they

are unprepared to raise him or her other

reasons include done preferred gender

appearance or other characteristics of

the child as well as mental or physical

handicaps of the child education family

planning government support and

postnatal services and support for

motherhood are available tools for

reducing this problem historically

many cultures practice abandonment of

infants called infant exposure although

such children would survive if taken up

by others exposure is often considered a

form of infanticide as described by

Tertullian in his apology it is

certainly the more crew

way to kill by exposure to cold and

hunger and dogs

similarly there have been instances of

homicidal neglect by confinement of

infants or children such as in the

affair of the Osaka child abandonment

case or the affair of two abandoned

children in Calgary Alberta Canada by

their mother refugee medieval laws in

Europe governing child abandonment as

for example the Visigothic code often

prescribed that the person who had taken

up the child was entitled to the child's

service as a slave conscripted or

enslaving children in two armies and

labor pools often occurred as a

consequence of war pestilence when many

children were left parentless abandoned

children then became the ward of the

state military organization or religious

group when this practice happened on

mass it had the advantage of ensuring

the strength and continuity of cultural

and religious practices in medieval