Watering Roses for Better Flowers

hi gannets Jason from Fraser Valley Rose farm today I want to talk to you about

watering your roses and most importantly why it's necessary to keep a good

consistent supply of moisture for your roses all the way throughout the year

many of my viewers have asked me the question: Why is it that the first blooms

that come off my roses in the in the spring are the largest and the best and

then after that it seems like it peters off throughout the season the answer to

that question more often than not is about the adequate supply of soil

moisture which in temperate climates tends to be much higher in the spring

and then drop down throughout the summer I've brought you here to the Fraser

River to demonstrate my point using my farm as an example so we get our soil

moisture from the Fraser River which comes way up in April May and June and

then after that comes down quite a ways well also at that same time in my

garden I will have hotter weather and less rainfall so it's like a triple

whammy less soil moisture less rainfall more heat you have roses that at first

had plenty of moisture now struggling for moisture in the garden so if I leave

them alone I get fewer and smaller flushes of blooms so the focus of this

video today will be to tell you how much you need to water your roses and how to

maintain that moisture level for your roses and why that's so important for

the sake of simplicity I might recommend between 3 and 5 gallons of water per

rose on a week where it doesn't rain that's a volume that looks a bit like

this a five gallon bucket the problem with that simplified measure is it

doesn't account for a couple of other major things including oh the size of

the rose the temperature outside but most importantly your type of soil three

to five gallons might be appropriate for an average loam however for a clay soil

you probably need a little bit less for a sandy soil you might need two to three

times as much now to moderate that usage of water it's important to use a mulch

and organic mulch like woodchips to maintain more moisture in your soil let

me show you real quick here well it can look like the surface of that wood mulch

is very dry what I want to show you is that if I just pull away a little bit of

that mulch you can see that the soil is maintaining

moist underneath there that's indicative of the protective effects of that mulch

whereas the surface of your soil could dry out very easily if not covered this

with the wood mulch actually protects the soil moisture but it also tends to

do over time is improve this soil underneath here and adds organic matter

to the soil and so that makes it moisture retentive as well now when it

comes to roses I prefer to take this wood mulch off and replace it every year

because by that point you've had leaves of the Rose drop down on it and that can

carry over fungal disease from one year to the other but out here in the

perennial bed I just leave it down and add to it each year and it I can't

stress enough the importance and how easy this will make it to maintain

moisture in your soil you can do other things like compost or manure or other

mulches hay or straw for my money and for how long it lasts wood mulch is the

right answer for me I have a couple more questions to answer on watering for

roses one of which is how you should apply the water itself you can of course

apply it through a watering wand by hand or with an overhead sprinkler the

problem with that is that it makes the foliage wet and the combination of

warmth and wet with fungus spores makes it so that things like black spot and

powdery mildew can germinate on the surface of those leaves so if you can

avoid it go ahead and use a drip line now a drip line combined with a trip

line emitter like this these come rated in one gallon or two gallon per hour

half a gallon per hour at least then you know a rate so how long you have to

leave it on to give your rose the watering that you decided that you need

it for and you can measure that and then apply more or less the following week

based on that feedback the downside of these drip emitters is that they can

clogs you have to watch that when you turn it on just take a walk through all

of your roses and make sure that they are getting the water that this is

dripping properly the second thing I would like to answer here is when you

know that your rose needs water I guess how to know if it's getting enough or

getting too little in a pot that's very easy I'm going to refer you back to the

video I made on how to tell or why your rose leaves are turning yellow and I

have some close-ups in that one I maybe include some of those here but it's much

easier on a potted Rose like this to tell you can tell by the weight you can

also just flip it out of its pot very quickly and see that the soil moisture

it's nice and consistent from top to bottom so not just that's getting the

moisture it needs in the ground it's much harder to tell so you do have to

look for those signs like yellowing leaves sort of midway down or brown

edges Midway down on the on the plant and I'll show you some examples of that

here now alright I hope that answers some of your questions on how to water

your rose for its very best performance if you have any questions or comments

about that please drop those down below with video and I'll see what I can do to

help Thanks