Configure and Verify IPv4 Static Routes and Routing | Cisco CCNA 200-301

hey on behalf of myself in this channel

thanks for being here it means a lot to

me to share a few minutes together I

just I have a few notes of what I like

to cover and address the first thing is

I'm super excited about the new content

that we're creating at CBT Nuggets

regarding the new CCNA I get to work

with you know about 20 years ago when I

got into was working IT I thought I want

to work with these certain individuals

and they had a chance to work with those

as through my career it's been fantastic

and one of those people that I've had

the opportunity work with for more than

like 20 years off and on was Jeremy


so Jeremy Chara Chuck keith network

Jacque and myself are working on the new

CCNA content wrapping up those pieces

and super exciting so let me break down

what we do at CBT we create a chunk a

nugget if you will of learning and so in

CCNA one of those topics is static

routing and I wanted to share with you

the process behind that here's my studio

here in Las Vegas that I record out of

and I wanted to share with you a few

details about that but first but first I

want to share with you something really

fun they did with my daughter

earlier this week check this out I'm

gonna share my screen with you and I'm

gonna share with you my sierra favorite

the right page here here we go here's my

iCloud photos

if you're ever in Vegas and have a

chance to go to the happy place which is

in the Mandalay Bay shopping mall do it

it's a lot of fun check this out this is

a video of me doing a backwards freefall

into nothingness

bring it up here I had my daughter film

this for me and I thought to myself I'm

just gonna let go I'm just gonna relax

and let go and fall into it and that

feeling can be very effective and

helpful sometimes especially if you're

considering a job an IT or improving

your skills an IT it's good to have a

good plan and then just fall into it let

it happen all right here we go and I

thought to myself okay just keep my back

straight the balls won't move they'll be

there it's like a trust fall without


yeah and I got I gotta tell you it's as

fun as it looked all right that's enough

of that

so I wanted to share that with you it

was fresh in my memory um this is studio

this is what I record at night I put my

content at CBC nights behind the scenes

and we close my iCloud Phocis the stops

making noise on me and this is also how

I create videos so a lot of people ask

me Keith what do you you know how do you

create the content here's my secret

leaving for the video back on here's my

secret to creating content that people

enjoy and love and can get benefit from

I think back to when I was learning a

topic and whether it was IP subnetting

or basic routing or advanced route or

whatever it was and I think myself what

would be the perfect course for me to

have received at that time so back in

like the 90s is when I deduce IP

subnetting and it was tough I really

struggled with subnetting and that's why

I created some some dating content after

that there's like okay here's a great

way to consume it and the same thing

with with routing or reading in a

routing table pretty much those skills

are not inborn no one was ever born and

the doctor said oh this baby's gonna be

you know around a routing genius it's

all learned and the secret is I've done

many interviews with people who are new

to IT who've been in IT and here's what

I've discovered if we're interested like

how does that work I want to know how

that operates how that functions that

gives us a lot of energy and motivation

to keeping things going and keeping

studying and so um I have a lot of

physical gear here in my office in Las

Vegas and I use that periodically but

nowadays like when I was first starting

back in 2001 I got my first CCIE I had

to buy a huge rack of equipment just to

get the hands-on practice but there's so

many other great options now including

you get use garrick that works you can

use packet tracer if you haven't done

that yet I'm going to encourage you

along the way to get that as a tool to

practice with there's products from

Cisco like the viral product there's no

third party options like genus 3 and

viral era and even G and so forth so

getting the hands-on is important so I'd

like to share with you this screen and

this is a way that I would present the


regarding how to do routing like sweet

kids said okay what is routing how's it

work why do we need I'd say something

like this a router doesn't know how to

reach any streets

what do you mean Keith the street like

us think of a network like a street like

imagine right now the street that's

outside wherever you're at

for security reasons you may not want to

tell the world what street you live on

but I know that this three design

directly connected to if I follow my

driveway long enough I hit my street I

know that's I'm connected to that street

well a Cisco router or any router or any

computer for that matter doesn't know

where any networks or any streets are

until you tell it you train it so

there's three basic ways of training a

Cisco router on how to reach a network

and one of those is to have a directly

connected network meaning you can let me

show you a video or a graphic here on

the screen and they move that mic back

up on this screen right here let me get

out a pin - that'll be fun to do fun to

do all right there we go

so this router right here if we just

powered it up right out of the box it

does not know about the 10-1 network or

the 10.12 network or anything else

because it's just electronics and

software and until we configure a

network it doesn't how to reach either

though so we go into the interfaces of

this router and we tell it hey mister

router you this interface 1.1 slash zero

is 10.12 dot 0 dot 1 and press enter

with the mask and when we do that it's

at that moment the router says hey hey

guess what I know how to reach this

network I can reach the 1012 Network and

so by building it from the ground up

like okay how does it router even know

how to get to anything well it knows

based on what you configure now that's

one option to getting access or reaching

a network a street that the router can

forward packets to which is his goal

another option is we can dynamically

train the routers to talk to each other

it would go something like this we train

the routers that they should run a

dynamic routing protocol such as OSPF

which is open shortest path first or we

can use like on the internet we use BGP

border gateway protocol and we train the

routers to share information with each

other so then if Robert won so let's say

Bob is right here and Bob needs to send

the packet

to the server on this network if Bob

forwards that pack to the router the

router is going to look at the

destination address and say what do I do

and if we're using a dynamic routing

protocol these routers can train router

one that up to forward a packet to this

network go ahead and send it to router 2

and router 2 is gonna notice Center out

of 3 and so forth till it gets to its

destination so one way of a router

knowing how to reach a network is a

directly connected network the second

option is a dynamic routing protocol are

learning dynamically but the third

option that a router can use to learn

want to reach a network is a static

route and so what we do and let me go

ahead and bring back the this the this

graphic right here

this is a good one this is a studio so

this is a set of videos a set of nuggets

on static routes for ipv4 and so what I

do is I start with introducing ipv4

static routing and then how a router

learns routes and then adding directly

connected route so I like to point out

something also that's really really

important and that's this little bad boy

right here let me bring my pan again and

that's this what this represents is a

lab so not only does a person it's a

good thing to know about ok how does

this work how does it function but it's

also really important to reinforce it so

if we did some white board work we said

okay here's the reason that this router

needs a static route and let's go back

and take a look at the graphic again for

that and that is right here

so if we wanted to train this router

I've got a lot of buttons to push over

here we wanted to train this router how

to reach the 192 168 1 Network we would

have to tell router 1 to forward it over

to router - if we did it statically with

static routing and adaptive del router 2

- 4 - router 3 and then router 3 is

directly connected but you know what

check this out

you know it goes south really fast is

that if packets only have a path one way

we don't want to be like the roach motel

where roaches check in but they don't

check out that was a commercial from

like 30 years ago but we need full

connectivity in both directions so as we

look at a situation where we have to do

static routes what we want to do is make

sure we have paths from router 1 to that

at work and also from that Network back

to router one so the reply traffic can

come back in and what really helps to

reinforce that is the concept of a lab

so I'd like to take a moment if you've

got just a moment let me show you what a

lab looks like to reinforce this kind of

concept so we've we'd have the topology

in mind we talked about the routers and

the syntax and how it works and we'd do

something like this check this out and

I've got one queued up for us so this

represents one of our labs and so

there's a computer well then I've logged

myself out and I'd lock myself back in

this is a Windows server that's

currently currently running putty and

it's got connectivity to router one

router two out of three and so right

here on router one we could do a show IP

route and say yep this this router knows

how to get to directly connected

networks but you notice what's not here

it doesn't know how to get to the 192

168 1 line she wants to date 1 0 Network

for the 24 bit mask it doesn't know how

to reach it so what we would do after

we've talked about the routes and the

syntax we didn't walk through the

configuration of it and and here's the

power check this out let's it's fun to

watch people configure I love it I mean

I literally can sit and wow look at that

look at that show command and look at

this he's making this static route and

he's verifying the route he's verifying

traffic it's fun to watch but you know

what at the end of the day we need to

take that ability to not only read a

routing table and configure static

routes but we need to build that as a

skill so that when it comes down to it

if we're looking at in a production

network we're looking at a topology

we're at the CLI we need to be able to

not only read the table but also make

corrections if there's needed if there's

Corrections needed so the hands-on lab

are so fun and the great news is the

labs are supported in many of our videos

also if you have your own gear that's

great too but my goal is to reinforce

those concepts and if you've got just

one more minute

I've got permission to share with you

maybe a sample nugget from that series

on static Crossan and my intention is

this I love I love creating content that

really makes a difference for people's

lives so I'm thinking every time I

create a video first

okay bill John Jared Wade they're

trading ten minutes of their life or

eight minutes of their life to watch

this video what do I want to give them

in return and my goal is I want you I

want you the learner as you join me in

this experience I want you to walk away

saying I can do this I got this and then

to reinforce that and practice it with

the lab so that if you're in a job

interview and they're asking you about

well what does this mean or how would

that work you can say yeah here's how

this works and I've configured this

before even if it's in a lab environment

you have the practice you can then

demonstrate it here in Las Vegas we have

a huge data center by switched

communications and one of their exams or

whether questions for new ed engineers

is they give them a lab it's BGP it's

gnarly a lot of fun and they get my

ideas 90 minutes they may have changed

that by last I recall was 90 minutes and

they sit him down they say configure

this and the reality is if a person can

configure it and verify it that's a good

candidate that that company wanted to

hire and mold his companies don't always

just want some of you knows everything

they want something they can learn and

can grow and can demonstrate what their

current skills that they currently have

are so let's take a look let me switch

over here and let me bring you back to

studio where I have some of these videos

and let me bring in this one right here

this is so these are all built logically

one step up after the other here's the

introducing ipv4 static routing let's

play that one and I'll play that video

and then I turn the volume I'm gonna be

quiet for us no computer networks I

can't believe we're gonna pack it in

look at here doesn't say what do I do

all right no that was super fast that

was it to XP and I'll put it down at 1x

and I'll size it up and then we can

enjoy this for just less than a minute

together but it can afford it here or

there or yonder that's an important

decision that routers make millions of

times a day and in this skill on static

routes for ipv4 I'd like to share with

you some really cool techniques

including how to train the router with

static routes to reach a given network

or host routes to reach a specific IP

address or something very very cool

a floating static route that can help us

with fault tolerant scenarios to make

sure that our network can continue to

forward traffic either the hiccup or a

problem another cool aspect about

learning and

static rouse is that I've got a nice

assortment of hands-on labs for United

go through that can only reinforce those

concepts but also start building those

skills of implementing and verifying

static routes and I'm making this

introduction to this skill these videos

in the scale very short so we can get

right in the next video where I'll see

you in just a few moments till then I

hope this has been informative for you

and I'd like to thank you for viewing

and I I don't know how many times I've

said that but it's been a few and I love


I also got some tools in our Arsenal

I've got a shock board that I brought up

so I can we do chalk talk we can if

something a topic comes up we want to

discuss it we can easily do it right

here so if I grab the right tool if we

have a new idea or if I want to

elaborate on something we can do it

right here very very easy to do and as

we continue the journey together also

one of the ideas that we have is we're

building all of this our CCNA content

with the idea behind it on a larger

enterprise network so it's pretty cool

because we take like individual concepts

like static routes and then we move on

to and that's for ipv4 ipv6 and then we

move on to things like routing protocol

like OSPF and onto control mechanisms

like access control lists and so forth

and and as we do we just build and build

and build and build and the cool thing

is the skills that we learn together and

enjoy together as we go through these we

can apply those skills to production

networks in fact I want to share with

you one of the most interesting

complaints that I have received here

hits CBT Nuggets in this MSN News the

complaint was I don't in my production

job I don't have a chance to go in and

really change everything all the time

because once the network's in place the

routing works the switching works

everything's all set up there's change

control and maintenance needs to be done

but it's not like sweeping whole new

changes so he doesn't get a chance to

from the ground up build new networks

every day and here's what I told them I

understand your concern keep the job it

was with a major Internet service

provider by the way it's great job keep

the job learn what they're teaching at

that job whether it's scripting or

whatever the tool the thing is that they

want you to focus on and be a master

that and

you want to build networks from scratch

holy schnikeys do it you can do it with

hardware you have in your house you can

do it with Viral from Cisco you can do

it packet tracer you can do it with gns3

you can do with Eve NG there's lots of

options just to get that itch like I

want to build it from the ground up and

that's what we're doing in CCNA - so

we're taking it from the basic concepts

to basic infrastructure to basic IP

routing say it layer 2 switching layer 3

routing and then onto access control

list talking about IPSec and VPNs as far

as understanding what those are talking

about first hop redundancy protocols and

the cool thing is every single one of

these videos that Jeremy and Chuck and I

are creating they are taking it step by

step by step at every end and when we

talk and I won't give away Jeremy

secrets because he's amazing and I can

tell you that he and I and Chuck we care

just like this chat right now I'm

talking to you and so when you're

listening Chuck or Jeremy or any other

trainer of CBT Nuggets well we're

sharing information and we're teaching

we're doing it because we really we

really want you to get it we want you to

take the skills and the knowledge and

the enthusiasm and turn around and put

that into a production and put it into

your life to improve your life because

the more Skills you have the better your

quality of life is gonna be for yourself

for your employer and also for your

friends and family every surrounding you

also I would encourage you that along

the journey of studying and preparing

for the world of IT and getting better

and better all the time I would also

encourage you to spend a little bit of

focus on health like I've started eating

better in the last probably 8 to 12

months and fitness and also Recreation

to make sure you have a nice balance so

hit the IT hard keep learning it's worth

it it's a lot of fun it's interesting

and it's worth it and at the same time

make sure we have balance in our lives

so my intent was to go about to go out

this amount of time so I I appreciate

you joining me in this video if I if you

had a question that I didn't have a

chance to get to because I've been

chatting with you I'm gonna post this

video live on my channel as a video so

it'll be there later and you can go back

and you can add that question and after

I have a day or two

go through them all I will go through

and I will answer your questions if you

have them so if you haven't subscribed

to my chart channel here Keith Barker

networking please take a moment to do so

love to have you a lot of great people

who are supporting this channel by

participating in interviews and

motivation and how they got started in

IT and how they survived and thrived in

IT and anything we can do to help you

successfully conquer the world of IT or

get into it or do better in it that's

what we're gonna help with so uh on

behalf of CBT Nuggets the company that I

work full time for and love and myself

in this channel I'd like to thank you

for viewing and we'll catch you next

time bye everybody